Introduction of Migration
Whereas the movement of technology and capital has become increasingly more open, the movement of people across countries has not enjoyed such freedom. Capitalism's expansion across the globe has depended on a massive influx of millions of men and women into the workforce.
Our main challenge is to put people first on the migration agenda, both in the country of origin and of destination, through the recognition and strengthening of the rights of migrants, with a particular focus on women migrants, who constitute a very high proportion of the migrant population. Furthermore, integrating the issue of migration fully into the global and national development, economic, employment, social and security agendas, as well as ensuring greater policy coherence between these agendas and between the stakeholders involved: governments, the business, international organisations, trade unions, NGOs, civil society and the migrants themselves. Lastly, addressing the root causes of migration: severe lack of economic opportunities, armed conflicts, and political disputes and human rights violations.
Our global objectives:
The question of migration in recipient countries is addressed for a large part through its legal and security aspects at the national level. However the migration issue must be addressed through a comprehensive and international policy. The goal is not to prevent migrations as human circulation is part of globalisation, but rather the management of sustainable and profitable migration policies amongst countries.
Migrations are needed in ageing societies. Therefore a global, comprehensive and progressive approach towards migration needs to be developed addressing the root causes of migration (poverty, conflict, demographic and economic factors), the connection with development, rights and employment, as well as the justice and security dimensions.
- Addressing the root causes of migration: Push factors (countries of origin): lack of economic opportunities, demographic boom, armed conflicts, political disputes, human rights violations; Pull factors in countries of destination: demographic slow-down, demand for (low cost) labour, higher wages.
- Addressing specifically female migration by allocating budgets for women-specific programmes both in countries of origin and of destination; enhancing the participation of women migrants and their organisations in development initiatives aimed at addressing the problems they face in countries of destination use of gender analysis as a tool to develop pro-women development initiatives.
At a national level, providing information and education programmes to female migrants (workers, spouses) on their rights in destination countries; implementation of gender sensitivity training for the expatriate community to enhance the capacity to solve problems faced by women (cultural expectations, stereotyping and the resulting psycho-social pressures on female migrants) ;treating formerly trafficked women as victims rather than illegal immigrants in countries of destination and granting them rights to asylum and legal protection.